Types of dahlia and features of caring for them
Dahlias have long delighted us with their flowering. Once upon a time, the ancient Aztecs living in the mountains of Mexico fed on the roots of these flowers. Grace and beauty of the magnificent bud conquered Europe. The name flower received, thanks to the famous traveler and botanist Ivan Georgi.
Types of Dahlia
Landscaping uses undersized varieties to form borders, massifs, and all the rest have found application for group plantings, compositions on flower beds. There are many varieties and several classification options for dahlias.
These are plants of the most incredible colors and shapes:
- cactus - thin petals in the form of dense tubules, chaotic in length;
- semi-cactus - thinned cones instead of needles;
- cuffed, semi-double - on the edges are flat, similar to a collar,
- petals in the center - rolled up into tubes;
- anemone-like cuffs;
- spherical - lush loose buds of round shape with large fleshy petals;
- pompons - the size of the baskets is smaller and the structure is denser;
- pion-shaped - reed flowers of a large size with an open central part, similar to a peony;
- nymphaeum - with flat inflorescences, a fringing of false lingual oval petals.
They will decorate the garden from July until the first frosts, if you follow a few simple rules for the care.
Dahlias - undemanding flowers. They feel great in light partial shade at a moderate level of humidity, in such conditions you can achieve the longest flowering. If the shadow is too thick, the color suffers. An abundance of moisture causes root decay; therefore, it is not recommended to plant them in lowlands. Experienced gardeners before planting dahlias equip drainage based on expanded clay and broken brick. Any soil is suitable for plants. Thin stems break in the wind, so they need to be fixed on pegs.
If you want the buds to be large and the stalks to be powerful, we recommend that you remove the extra stems (to perform pinching). The optimal solution is to leave 2-3 stems, the herding procedure must be carried out several times during the season, as new shoots appear constantly. When watering, the soil should get wet by about 30 cm.
We recommend using natural top dressing when watering. You can feed the Soil Improver in spring or early summer before planting the roots, as well as 2-3 times per season. The soil should be warm enough so that the roots of the plant do not die. In late autumn, you need to dig up the tubers so that they do not freeze.
Micro Florist is a natural product that does not harm plants and soil. Florist enhances the protective functions of dahlias, survival during transplantation, nourishes microelements. Sheet processing is carried out every 2 weeks in a dilution of 5 ml of concentrate in 10 liters of water.