Abutilon Care Secrets
Abutilon is a fairly well-known flowering plant grown indoors. A large number of gardeners successfully grow and love this wonderful plant, lovingly calling it home indoor maple. Abutilon received his second name as a reward for his foliage, which in shape resembles maple leaves. The people's love for abutilon can be explained by its absolute unpretentiousness, ease of care, and abundant flowering. Flowers come in a variety of colors: from snowy white to dark red. And the shape of the flower in different varieties is bell-shaped, terry, simple.
Different varieties have maple leaves with an unusual “marble” pattern, a wide white border, but most often the leaves are simply green. To grow this wonderful flowering plant at home is not at all difficult, special knowledge, skills and tools are not required for this, therefore care for abutilon is even possible for a beginner grower.
Abutilon (Abutilon), or Rope - a genus of evergreens of the family Malvaceae (Malvaceae), consisting of more than 200 species.
Abutilon care at home
Indoor maple is very photophilous. For successful growth and abundant flowering, he will need good lighting. However, direct sun is best avoided, burning sun rays can burn the delicate leaves of abutilon. In partial shade, abutilon blooms weaken, shoots become elongated, weak, thin. If abutilon grows in partial shade for a long time, the decorative qualities of the plant are completely lost.
It is necessary to water abutilones as the earthen coma dries. This plant does not tolerate complete drying of the soil, it immediately responds to this, the leaves become sluggish and sag. In summer you need to water every day, in winter much less often. For irrigation, it is better to use warm, standing water. Once every 10 days during watering, water-soluble fertilizers should be added. In winter, top dressing should be reduced by halving the dose of fertilizer.
Since abutilon is growing quite rapidly, one or two times a year it needs a transplant with the addition of fresh soil. The most suitable soil composition for abutilone is a mixture of sifted sheet soil, peat, perlite or another baking powder. The ratio of the components is approximately 5: 3: 2. After transplanting, the plant should be carefully watered, draining excess water from the sump, put in a place protected from direct sunlight for several days.
To give the plant a more compact shape, at the end of winter it is recommended to prune the branches to 2/3 of their height. Pruning abutilon will enhance branching, therefore, flowering plants will be plentiful. Branches that are cut in this case can be rooted in two ways. They are easily rooted in a glass of boiled water, with the addition of an activated carbon tablet. The second method of rooting in a cup with a loose substrate, a cup with a planted stem needs to be covered with a bag, this will create more favorable conditions for rooting.
Growing Abutilon from Seeds
In favorable conditions, abutilone is able to bloom almost all year round. The most enthusiastic flower growers successfully pollinate different varieties of abutilones and get completely germinated seeds. Indoor maple is well propagated by seeds that can be successfully sown all year round. For sowing, use light, loose soil. Before sowing, abutilone seeds are soaked for 2 hours in a solution of a growth stimulant. The crop plate should be covered with a bag or film, placed in a warm place. The first shoots will appear in 7 days. After this, the film must be removed and the container with shoots rearranged in a lighter place.
Sometimes abutilon is attacked by pests such as whiteflies, aphids, scutes, mealybugs. To combat these harmful insects, systemic drugs are used.