Garden lilies - how to grow in rooms?
The queen of bulbous lily is a true favorite of gardeners and florists. At least one type of lily is found in almost every garden and in any stall with flowers. But potted and indoor lilies are just beginning to come into fashion, despite the fact that other garden bulbs have long been used as a decoration for the interior of rooms. Meanwhile, no less than tulips, hyacinths and daffodils are adapted to the potted form of growing lilies. Just require large capacities and attention. How to grow lilies in the rooms, I will tell in the article.
Choosing Lilies for Indoor Growing
In rooms, you can successfully grow either varieties specially bred for room culture or compact varieties that almost do not form children. Lilies that grow well in rooms include:
- special "potted" varieties royal lilies (Lilium regalum);
- varieties beautiful lilies (Lilium speciosum);
- varieties long-flowered lilies (Lilium longiflorum);
- varieties golden lilies (Lilium auratum);
- potted varieties Mid-century bands Eastern and Asian hybrids.
It is worth giving preference to dwarf or undersized (40-60 cm - optimal height) and the most unpretentious, early varieties. The color scheme is chosen to taste.
For room culture, large (from 40 g) are used, healthy bulbs are the best, selected specimens.
Capacities and substrate
Planting lilies in separate containers is not worth it: lilies are placed in a group of 3-6 bulbs, which allows you to quickly fill the substrate with roots and achieve greater decorativeness.
For indoor lilies, very large deep containers with a good drainage hole are chosen. Pots with a height of 30 cm are suitable (the optimal depth is 40 cm or more). The diameter of the volume of the desired group is calculated: for each lily you need to leave 16-20 cm. Cube. the soil. In a container with a diameter of about 40 cm, 3-4 bulbs can be planted.
Lilies can develop normally only in loose, neutral soil from among the superfood substrates. You can look for a special substrate for lilies, or choose a soil for flowering plants, or mix soddy soil with compost (or humus) and a portion of full mineral fertilizers.
To prevent problems with compaction, even in the finished substrate, it is better to add a handful of coarse sand and other loosening additives, for example, perlite. Drainage for lilies is required, with a layer of 5 cm.
If there is no possibility to plant more plants, lilies can be planted for room culture only from the first decade of March. When planting to a certain date and shifting the flowering period, it should be borne in mind that from planting to flowering approximately 2.5-3 months will pass. For winter holidays, lilies are planted in the second half of September, for flowering in May - in the first half of March.
Planting house lilies
Preparing lilies for planting is simple: garden bulbs need to be held for 14-20 days at a temperature of 2 to 5 degrees (a refrigerator is perfect) in damp sawdust or peat. Special varieties and bulbs bought in nurseries, as a rule, do not require cooling. Before planting, soaking is carried out in a weak solution of potassium permanganate or fungicides in warm water with growth stimulants.
Planting lilies is carried out in a special way, in two stages. After the main planting, you will have to add soil. But there is nothing complicated in this procedure:
- At the bottom of the tank pour a layer of drainage.
- The pot is filled with a layer of soil up to 10 cm high, so that the bulb mounted on it is buried at its three heights (from 15 to 20 cm from the top of the container).
- The bulb is filled with soil strictly horizontally, with the top up, leaving a distance of 2-3 cm between the plants and the walls. To the top of the pot should remain from 15 to 20 cm.
- The containers are filled with a substrate, squeezing the bulbs slightly, but trying not to pack it too much. Half to one third of the bulb should remain above the soil line, and approximately half the pot should be empty. If, when buying potted varieties, they were recommended to fill them up completely, follow the instructions, but still leave about 7 cm to the top of the pot to top up the soil.
- Landing is completed by light watering with warm water.
Cool distillation after landing
After planting, the bulbs are kept at a temperature of 10 to 15 degrees, in soft diffused lighting or partial shade. Watering is carried out very carefully, slightly moistening the soil and preventing it from completely drying out or strong humidity. Only after signs of growth appear, lilies are transferred to warm rooms. Lighting needs to be increased to the brightest.
The first top dressing is carried out a week after the start of growth. Watering gradually increase, turning to abundant when the shoots of lilies exceed the height of the edge of the pot. At this stage, sprouts can be sprayed with growth stimulants.
Only after the arrows of the lily rise above the edge of the container (to a height of 8-10 cm) can the lilies be planted. Pots are filled with a substrate without tamping, leaving 1-2 cm for easy watering.
Room Lily Conditions
Bright lighting is the main requirement for unique lilies in a room format. Even eastern or western window sills are not always sufficient for this bulbous. An ideal place for indoor lilies is the south window or balcony. In cloudy weather, especially at the beginning of growth, you can organize a backlight. When landing for distillation at atypical times, the backlight should be constant from the first day of landing.
When choosing a place for lilies, it is worth remembering that they do not tolerate crowding. They are not exposed in groups with other indoor cultures, allowing you to show off in splendid isolation or placing so that the leaves do not touch either neighboring plants or surfaces.
Lilies grow better at temperatures from 21 to 25 degrees during the period of active vegetation. The most difficult and controversial moment in growing lilies in the room is their love of coolness. Many large-flowered varieties will prefer cool nights up to 8-12 degrees, while special potted lilies will grow well and warm. If possible, cool nights are constantly organized, or at least during the growth of peduncles, lowering the temperature by 4-6 degrees with the arrival of twilight.
Lilies cannot be grown without fresh air. The ideal option is to take them to balconies or to the garden as soon as the weather permits. But even in the rooms you need to carry out frequent neat airing.
Indoor lilies are watered abundantly, draining water from pallets and drying only the top centimeter of soil, but not allowing excessive dampness. Water should not be hard or cold. Lilies love spraying. They are held along the leaves without soaking the buds in the summer.
Indoor lilies are fed weekly with a half-reduced concentration of fertilizers or every 2 weeks with a full dose. For these bulbs, fertilizers are used for lilies or flowering plants. Every 2 weeks before bud formation, it is better to carry out foliar top dressing with growth stimulants.
The rest of the care comes down to maintaining the cleanliness of the leaves, loosening the soil surface and installing supports for the stems, which do not always cope with the mass of flowers.
Pot lilies can be affected by soil and ground pests. With any signs of infection with spider mites, aphids, nematodes and other pests, it is worth immediately starting treatment with insecticides. When waterlogging the soil, there is a risk of the rapid spread of rot, requiring drying of the soil and most often emergency digging with the removal of the affected parts.
Indoor lilies after flowering
In process of flowering and the beginning of the dying off of shoots, it is necessary to proportionally reduce watering and stop feeding. Lilies are not left to winter in the substrate. It is possible to take out the bulb from the soil only after the aboveground parts dry themselves. Children must be separated.
Lilies for dormancy are kept in wet sand, peat or sawdust in a cool room (2-5 degrees Celsius), planted in pots for the next flowering at the desired time. But if the varieties want to alternate or plan to replace, the bulbs, if desired, can be transferred to open soil in compliance with the rules of agricultural technology of open ground.