June garden calendar
Here is the long-awaited summer. But for gardeners and gardeners - this is not a time of rest, but the continuation of numerous works. And despite the fact that the hassle has become much less than in the previous month, they are still there and the future harvest depends on them.
Everything that needs to be done at the beginning of the summer season is directly related to the care of plants. In June, they must be weeded, fed, formed, and if necessary, new crops sown directly into the soil. Therefore, it’s not worth relaxing, but you need to have patience and, planning your time, get down to business!
Despite the fact that in some climatic zones the threat of freezing frost has not yet passed, most garden crops have already been planted in beds and uncovered after wintering. Now, when the temperature indicators gradually grow up, and the plants not only increase the vegetative mass, but also lay the crop, compliance with the irrigation regime has become especially important.
However, it is necessary to charge the beds with moisture competently: water the plants in the morning or in the evening, be sure to root or in the grooves prepared in advance, after mulching, mulch. And in no case should you save on the time and water spent, since surface watering provokes the formation of the main mass of roots in the upper soil layer, which quickly dries out in the middle of summer and does not give the plants sufficient nutrition.
Weeding remains an urgent issue in June. Weed plants are a serious competitor to cultivated plants in terms of moisture, nutrient intake, and access to the sun. Therefore, the fight against them must go on constantly and have a sustainable result. The most common method in this “war” is manually weeding the beds, cutting weeds with a chopper and mulching.
A less laborious method is the use of herbicides. But it’s not safe to use them, since, along with weed inhibition, they tend to accumulate in the soil in the form of decomposition residues, which gradually leads to phytotacticity - suppression of crops in terms of growth, development, seed formation and the crop as a whole, as well as resistance to diseases.
This agricultural technique is carried out immediately, as soon as a young plant can be grasped. At the same time, with one hand they pull out extra shoots, and with the other hold the earth around them. The process is carried out in several stages, on moist soil, very carefully, trying not to damage the necessary sprouts. After thinning the beds are watered.
An important event at the very beginning of summer is feeding. For different crops, they have different periods and different doses of fertilizer, but it is with their help that you can strengthen the plants and help them not only plant, but also form an excellent crop. If you are afraid of fertilizers purchased - use ashes, herbal tinctures, mullein solution (1:20).
For the formation of high-quality fruits, competent formation of plants is also necessary, or rather, the correct distribution of the load. In the question with tomatoes, this technique is called pinching. In order for the tomatoes to direct forces on the development of the fruits, and not the increased build-up of green mass, every week with the help of scissors it is necessary to remove the side shoots in the axils of their leaves, leaving a “stump” of no more than 1 cm.
This technique is best done in the morning. At the same time, in tall varieties (above 1.5 m in height), all stepsons must be removed, in medium-sized varieties (up to 1.5 m in height), two stepson should be left under the first flower bud, and low-growing varieties should not be stepsoned.
Do not forget about the formation of bushes of garden strawberries. Many of its varieties actively let out a mustache during June, and if the berry bed is designed to receive a crop, and not a new planting material, they must be regularly trimmed.
Inspect the planting of onions and garlic. If the plants began to shoot, pinch the arrows that appear.
If you grow potatoes, then June will be the month of hilling. This technique is especially important in cold climatic zones, where in June return frosts are possible.
If supports for cucumbers have not yet been installed in the garden, then it's time to build them. In the practice of growing this crop, it was noticed that it is the vertical arrangement of the lashes of the cucumber that allows the plants to form a larger amount of yield and better resist disease.
Sowing heat-loving crops
In early June, you can still sow seeds of heat-loving crops on the beds. It can be cauliflower, black radish, winter carrots, beans, melons, cucumbers, peas, green manure. In the middle of the month, spinach, watercress, and mustard are re-sown. For the next year's crop, sowing onions and chives are sown. In areas with a cold climate, seedlings are planted at the beds at this time.
Protection against diseases and pests
The time has come for repeated measures to protect plants from diseases and pests. To collect slugs, it is necessary to set traps - improvised shelters in the form of pieces of plywood, boards, burlap, which need to be laid out at a distance of 3 to 5 m from each other and periodically raised to catch pests. In the garden, it's time to fasten the fishing belts on the trees and put a bird net on the cherry. As a preventive measure against tomato late blight, gradually remove the lower leaves from the tomato.
Inspect the bushes of black and red currants for the appearance of small orange spots. If they are, this is a manifestation of rust. Sick plants need to be treated with one of the copper-containing preparations. At the end of the month, it is worth removing and destroying single ripe berries from the bushes - sawfly larvae lurked in them.
Aphids can appear on cherries, pears, plums - start fighting it by spraying it with onion or conifer infusion, without waiting for the mass destruction of plants. To prevent the development of gray rot on strawberries - sprinkle ash on the bushes.
Despite the fact that the first month of summer is quite busy with work, there are pleasant chores in it, and they are associated with the first crops. It is already possible to collect asparagus sprouts, pick salad, remove early cabbage, feast on peas, radishes, enjoy strawberries, and at the end of the month - sweet cherries and the first raspberries. For those who grow healthy herbs - it's time to collect inflorescences of sage, St. John's wort, oregano and elderberry.